Lishui Overview


Located in the Southwest of Zhejang Province and at the joint of Zhejiang and Fujian Province. Lishui City in bordered on the southeast by Wenzhou City and on the southwest by Ningde and Nanping City of Fujian Province. The city is also adjacent to Quzhou City to the northwest, Jinhua City to the north and Taizhou City to the northeast. It covers an area of 17, 300 square kilometer which occupies a sixth of the total land area of Zhejiang Province. Besides, Lishui is 292 km away from the provincial capital city of Hangzhou, 512 km away from Shanghai and 126 km from Wenzhou.


Lishui has a long history with human beings having lived in this region since the Neolithic Age. It was once named Chuzhou in the ninth year under the reign of Emperor Yang Jian of the Sui Dynasty (AD 589) and renamed Kuozhou three years later (AD 592). In the fourth year under the reign of Emperor Li Yuan of the Tang Dynasty (AD 621), Guozhou exercised jurisdiction over Kuocang County and Lishui County, and the name of Lishui "appeared for the first time. In 1949 it was established as Lishui Special Administrative Region, and it was named Lishul Prefecture in 1968 and finally set up as Lishui City in 2000 until now.


Lishui enjoys an extraordinary advantaged ecological environment with mild climate, beautiful landscape and rich biological resources. It is the most important region for water conservation and biodiversity maintenance in Zhejiang province. The forest coverage rate of the city reaches 80.79%, ranking 2nd among the whole country. The water qualification rate is 98% and the drinking water hygiene rate is in 100% compliance with the standards. These bring Lishui the championship in the respect of water quality in the province. As for the air, the average concentration of negative oxygen ion in air is over 3200 per cubic centimeter. The air quality Index excellent rate ranks first In Zhejiang Province, and the excellent and good rate of atmospheric environment quality s 94.5%. So Lishui becomes one of the top ten cities with best air but the only one away from the sea and also with low altitude. All these contribute to the result that Lishui has come out first among the province ecological respects including ecological index (EI) for 13 years since 2004 public satisfaction index (PSI) of ecological environment for 9 years since 2008 and ecological civilization gross index. It applied successfully for the name of National Forestry City in 2012, National Garden City in 2013 National Hygienic City in 2014 and Provincial Ecological City in 2015. July 29 has been established as Lishui Ecological Civilization Day since 2016.


Lishui has a subtropical monsoon climate, warm and humid, with abundant rainfall, four distinct seasons and adequate sunshine. The city s average annual temperature is 17.9 degrees Celsius, and the average annual precipitation is 1593.9 millimeters The average life expectancy of Lishui people is 79.79 years old, higher than the national average level in 8 consecutive years, which simply lives up to its name as Picturesque Lishui, Paradise for Healthy Life, Hometown of Longevity With the first rank in Zhejiang Province in such natural resources as forest, hydro energy, minerals, wild animals and plants, Lishui s hailed as the kingdom of plants and the world of animals. There are 3, 546 species of vascular plants belonging to 274 families and 1122 genera, 35 species included in the national key protected are plants. There also exist 40,222 ancient and famous trees, 505 species of vertebrate. Till now, 57 minerals have been found, among which 5 are metal minerals. Meanwhile, Lishui ranks first in the whole province in the reserve of several minerals, including gold, silver, molybdenum, pearlite, pyrophyllite and Kaolin, while Jinyun County’s Zeolite Mine is one of the three largest zeolite mines in China.


By now, there are two national nature reserves, which are Longquan Fengyang Mountain & Qingyuan Baishanzu Mountain and Suichang Jiulong Mountain national nature conservation areas three province-leveled nature reserves and fifty-two province-leveled small nature reserves: five national forest parks, which are Suichang National Forest Park, Qingtian Shimen Cave National Forest Park, Songyang Mao Mountain National Forest Park, Qingyuan National Forest Park and Baiyun Mountain National Forest Park. There are two nation-leveled wetland called Lishui Jiulong National Wetland Park and Yunhe Terrance National Wetland Park.

 

Lishui belongs to water-enriched area in China with fresh water resource per capita being 2 times of the national average level Water quality is excellent with 99% of surface water up to National Standard III, and over 13.5% of which has met National Standard I. The city is regarded as ‘the source of six rivers’ with six river systems, namely Ou River, Qiantang River, Feiyun River, Jiao River, Min River and Sai River. Ou River, which is known as the “Li River in East China” and originated from northwest Guomao Peak of Donggong Mountain where Qingyuan County and Longquan City meet, is the second biggest river in Zhejiang and flows from west to east into the sea through Wenzhou City. The full length of the river is 384 km while 309.4 km is within Lishui City. Lishui has several beautiful artificial lakes, such as Qianxia Lake of over 71 square kilometers, Xian’gong lake of 43.6 square kilometers, Nanming Lake of 5.6 square kilometers.